linda [dot] polka [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Email)
Speech Perception Lab
EducationBA Psychology, Slippery Rock State College
MA Experimental Psychology, University of Minnesota
PhD Psychology & Human Communication Disorders, University of South Florida
Research in the Polka lab focuses on the development of speech perception during infancy. The goal of this work is to understand the skills and biases that the infants bring to this task and how their speech processing changes with age and language experience to support language processing. My lab is engaged in two overlapping lines of research; one focuses on the development of vowel perception and production during infancy and the other explores how language experience shapes infant perception of phonetic segments and processing of fluent connected speech in monolingual and bilingual infants. In current work we are also investigating the role of talker variability in adult and infant perception, including studies that explore how infants perceive speech produced by an infant talker.
Polka, L., Masapollo, M. & Menard, L. (2014) Who’s talking now? Infant perception of vowels with infant vocal properties, Psychological Science, 25, 1448-1456.
Bohn, O-S. & Polka, L. (2014) Fast phonetic learning in very young infants: What it shows and what it doesn’t show, Frontiers in Psychology Language Science, 5, 1-2.
Molnar, M., Baum, S., Polka, L. & Steinhauer, K. (2014) Learning two languages from birth shapes the pre-attentive processing of speech: Electrophysiological correlates of vowel discrimination in monolinguals and simultaneous bilinguals, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, DOI: 10.1017/S136672891300062X.
Nazzi, T., Mersad, K. , Sundara, M., Iakimova, G. & Polka, L. (2013) Early word segmentation in infants acquiring Parisian French: task-dependent and dialect-specific aspects, Journal of Child Language, 1-24.
Polka, L. & Sundara, M. (2012) Word segmentation in monolingual infants acquiring Canadian English and Canadian French: Native language, cross-language, and cross-dialect comparisons, Infancy, 17(2), 198-232.
Polka, L. & Bohn, O-S. (2011) Natural Referent Vowel (NRV) framework: An emerging view of early phonetic development, Journal of Phonetics, 39, 467-478
Mattock, K, Polka, L, & Rvachew, S., & Krehm, M. (2010) The first steps in word learning are easier when the shoes fit: Comparing monolingual and bilingual infants, Developmental Science, 13:1 229-243.
Shahnaz, N., Miranda, T. & Polka, L. (2008) Multi-frequency tympanometry in neonatal intensive care unit & well babies, Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 19 (5), 392-418
Rvachew, S. Alhaidary, A. Mattock, K. & Polka, L. (2008), Emergence of corner vowels in the babble produced by infants exposed to Canadian English or Canadian French, Journal of Phonetics, 36, 564-577.
Polka, L. Rvachew, S. & Molnar, M. (2008). Speech perception by 6- to 8-month-olds in the presence of distracting sound, Infancy, 13 (5) 421-439.
Sundara, M., Polka, L. & Molnar, M. (2008) Development of coronal stop perception: Bilingual infants keep pace with their monolingual peers Cognition, 108, 232-242.
Polka, L, Rvachew, s. & Mattock, K. (2007) Experiential influences on speech perception and production during infancy. E. Hoff & M. Shatz (Eds.) Handbook of Child Language Oxford: Blackwell.
Polka, L, & Rvachew, S. (2005) The impact of otitis media with effusion on infant phonetic perception, Infancy 8(2), 101-117.